Driven by the growing demand for medical devices, novel coatings providing unique features are being introduced in the market
Over the past 50 years, the medical device industry has seen several notable developments. In fact, the use of biomedical devices, such as medical implants, surgical instruments, and prostheses has increased substantially over the time.
Cardioverter defibrillators, prosthetic hips and knees, contact lenses, and cardiac pacemakers are some of the most commonly implanted medical devices, while fixation devices and artificial joints account for about 44% of all medical devices. Despite significant advancements in the design and implantation of medical devices, a number of challenges still persist. Patients, particularly those who are immunocompromised, are at high risk of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) due to the in-dwelling nature of implanted devices and surgical tools. The risk of infections along with limitations including, implant rejection, osseointegration, degradation and wear, loom over the prosthetic integration. Coatings on biomedical implants can affect this biol